Leveraging Active Learning and Conditional Mutual Information to Minimize Data Annotation in Human Activity Recognition
A difficulty in human activity recognition (HAR) with wearable sensors is the acquisition of large amounts of annotated data for training models using supervised learning approaches. While collecting raw sensor data has been made easier with advances in mobile sensing and computing, the process of data annotation remains a time-consuming and onerous process. This paper explores active learning as a way to minimize the labor-intensive task of labeling data. We train models with active learning in both offline and online settings with data from 4 publicly available activity recognition datasets and show that it performs comparably to or better than supervised methods while using around 10% of the training data. Moreover, we introduce a method based on conditional mutual information for determining when to stop the active learning process while maximizing recognition performance. This is an important issue that arises in practice when applying active learning to unlabeled datasets.
Rebecca Adaimi and Edison Thomaz. 2019. Leveraging Active Learning and Conditional Mutual Information to Minimize Data Annotation in Human Activity Recognition. Proc. ACM Interact. Mob. Wearable Ubiquitous Technol. 3, 3, Article 70 (September 2019), 23 pages. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1145/3351228